Project Kremkrem

Krem Krem_Final_Web_(RGB)The Kremkrem is the bird that follows vegetation fires to eat the insects escaping the flames. This was the name chosen by the indigenous community working on this project as it captures the project’s research approach of following fires…

In the last decade, climate change, deforestation and the expansion of agriculture have been the major drivers for the increasing scale and frequency of wildfires in the Amazon Basin. Although national laws attempt to prevent and control the use of fire, the continued extensive burning of the Amazon landscape signifies a mismatch between fire policies and what happens in practice. At the same time, indigenous lands provide a sanctuary for biodiversity, where traditional forms of land management, including fire, have enhanced the conservation of ecosystems for thousands of years. Research shows that when assessed from satellite imagery, indigenous lands have the lowest incidences of devastating wildfires in the Amazon, but are islands within a sea of illegal deforestation and other forms of land use change.

Project Aims

In this context, Project Kremkrem aims to explore how to proactively manage fire risk in order to maximise the protection of biodiversity and traditional resource use by indigenous communities. A pilot study in the Capoto-Jarina Indigenous Territory of the Xingu River catchment Mato Grosso, Brazil, will be investigating how to integrate real-time data on traditional practices and landscape variables through the use of geographical information devices and participatory video.

Indigenous researchers of the Caiapó Mebéngôkré Metuktire group, represented by the Instituto Raoni (, will be using handheld mapping and video devices to record and monitor the distribution and extent of wildfires entering and degrading their land, and sustainable forms of traditional fire management. This information will be corroborated with data from large-scale fire monitoring through satellite remote sensing. At the same time, participatory video will be used as a form of involving the community as a whole and communicating project deliberations and outcomes to policymakers. Project Kremkrem further develops the participatory video techniques tested in COBRA through the use of tablet handheld devices, while at the same time strengthens local indigenous solutions of fire management for environmental management.

This project is supported by the Woodspring Trust, UK. If you would like more information or support this project please contact us.

QUICK DOWNLOAD: Check out the English version of the COBRA Handbook for Practitioners.