Antecume Pata is a Wayana village of about 250 people situated along the Haut-Maroni River, in French Guiana. The Maroni River is the border between Suriname and French Guiana. There is no control of the border in this area and people move freely from one side to the other.
Apoteri is located at the confluence of the white Rupununi and black Essequibo Rivers. It is approximately 2.5 hours, during high water season, from the administrative centre of Annai. The village is the most remote of the North Rupununi communities. Apoteri is an old Carib village known in the days of Schomburgk and Im Thurn. It was a stopping point for travelers exploring the hinterland of Guyana in the early 1800s. Today Apoteri is known for its role in the trade of balata.
Fair View Village is situated on the left bank of the Essequibo River at the crossing and is also known historically as Kurupukari. It is located adjacent to the Linden-Lethem Road, which was first completed in 1992. The contemporary Village of Fair View grew out of an extended family homestead in a strategically located spot, which has in turn attracted newcomers from various Amerindian districts, villages and communities as well as coast landers.
Katoonarib is a Wapishana community of more than 400 people located in the South central Rupununi, in a “bush island” region south of the Kanuku mountains. Indeed, “Katoonarib” translates to “many bush islands” – a region where pockets of semi-deciduous forest occupy a landscape which is otherwise dominated by savannah.
Kavanayén is an Arekuna Pemon community located in the savannas of southern Venezuela within the Cainama National Park and in the Gran Sabana Municipality of Bolivar State. It was founded by a Capuchin mission in 1943 which offered housing to the Pemón Arekuna in return for converting to Christinality. The community has a population of approximately 1350 people, with most people housed in distinctive housing made from quarried rock and concrete with corrugated iron roofs. There is a primary and secondary school and a university campus, as well as a clinic, computer and internet centre, shops, restaurants and guesthouses.
Kwamalasamutu is a Trio Indian village in the Sipaliwini District in southern Suriname. It is located close to the Brazilian border. Literally, Kwamalasamutu means ´bamboo sand´, reflecting its position next to the sandy banks of the Sipaliwini River, where it was founded. The village is home to the Paramount Chief of the northern Trios. The region consists of vast tracts of northern Amazon rainforest that is renowned for its rich and unique biodiversity. The village of Kwamalasamutu is remote and quite isolated.
Laguna Colorada is a small Sikuani village of 120 inhabitants, situated in the East of Colombia, close to the Venezuelan border. Laguna Colorada is a riverine village surrounded by dense rainforest. The Colombian guerrilla marks the village’s history, as they have had to move several times over the past 50 years until finally settling down in the current location, along the river Guaviare, in 1972.
Maturuca is a Makushi village situated in the Raposa Serra do Sol Indigenous Territory, Roraima, Brazil. It holds a highly significant symbolic importance as it was the centre of indigenous resistance for the 34 years in which it took the 190 Makushi, Wapishana, Taurepang, Ingarico and Patamona indigenous communities to gain their land title. On the 19th of April, 2009, the then Brazillian President, Luiz Inácio ‘Lula’ da Silva, officially inaugurated the Raposa Serra do Sol Indigenous Territoty in Maturuca – over 1.7 million hectares of land containing a growing population of 20,000 indigenous peoples.
Rupertee is a satellite community of Annai Village, located in the North Rupununi Savannah, approximately 120km from the town of Lethem. The village is nestled in the foothills of the Pakarima Mountains and is bisected by the Georgetown – Lethem road. As a part of the Annai Amerindian land title the community is administered under the Annai District Council. The community however, has an independent council that manages the day to day affairs of the people.
In the Amazon, there are 409 indigenous lands, equivalent to 21.67% of the Legal Amazon territory and representing 98.61% of indigenous territories in Brazil as a whole. A significant portion of these indigenous lands lie in Tumucumaque (Amapá state), an area centred around a chain of mountains that, on the southern side, join the watersheds of two major river basins flowing into the Amazon River. On the northern side of the mountains are the Sipaliweni, Tapanahoni and Paloemeu rivers, crossing into Suriname and discharging into the Atlantic Ocean.